The Effects of Social Deprivation within Orphanages on Parent- Child Attachment: How Adoption can Ameliorate Attachment Problems

Ariel Hilary Clemons


Since the mid-20th century, developmentalists have researched how social deprivation within orphanages affects a child’s ability to later form an attachment to his primary caregiver. John Bowlby’s theory of attachment posits that children who do not develop any attachment style within the first two years of their life will subsequently never be to able to become attached to their primary caregivers. However, longitudinal studies conducted on children reared in orphanages have proved that there is no critical period within which attachment must be formed. A child’s ability to form an attachment to his adoptive parent is not based on his age, but rather on the parent’s commitment to promoting a secure attachment style through affectionate and responsive care.


Child Development

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