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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed at the end of the text or submitted as separate files.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

  • JSO is a peer-reviewed, open access journal. This format allows for rapid publication and open access to researchers across the world.   

  • The initial submission requires the manuscript, cover letter, figures and tables, and supporting information. Authors may submit the manuscript in either Word or .rtf format. More detailed instructions are provided below. 

  • All manuscripts must adhere to APA style, except where indicated 

  • Manuscripts submitted to JSO must contain original material. The manuscript must not be published or submitted to another journal while under review by JSO 

Manuscript organization 

  • Manuscripts should be submitted in .doc, .docx, or .rtf format. Pages should be numbered in the upper right corner, with the title page as page 1. All text should be double-spaced, with one-inch margins.  

  • Cover letterThe cover letter should include the statement that the manuscript has not been and will not be submitted to another journal while under review by JSO. The author should also indicate a statement as to why this manuscript is appropriate for the JSO, and the type of article being submitted (i.e. research, programmatic, case study). Authors are encouraged to suggest potential reviewers, and should indicate individuals in the field who should not be considered as reviewers if there is a potential conflict of interest.  

  • Title pageThe title page should contain authors names and affiliations, descriptive title, corresponding author information, and a running title (no more than 50 characters with spaces), and key words. 

  • AbstractPage 2 will be the abstract, summarizing major points in the manuscript. The abstract should be 200 words or less. 

The text for most submissions should include an introduction (page 3), methods, results, discussion, and references. Other formats may be more appropriate for some manuscripts, such as program descriptions and case studies.  

  • AcknowledgementsAcknowledgements should be included on a separate page just before references and after the manuscript text, and should include the funding source and any other sources of support for the study.  


  • In-text references should be in the following format: if two authors, list last names of both authors, followed by the date (Author1 and Author 2, date). For more than two authors, the format should be (Author1, et al., date). If there is more than one reference for a specific section, put all within the same parentheses, separated by a semicolon. 

  • References Cited: This section should follow immediately after the end of the text. Citations will follow modified APA guidelines, and be listed in alphabetical order. Examples for citation sources are shown below: 

Journal articles: 

Cormas, P.C. and Barufaldi, J.P. (2011). The effective research-based characteristics of professional development of the National Science Foundation’s GK-12 program. Journal of Science Teacher Education22, 255-272. 

Ufnar, J.A., Kuner, S., and Shepherd, V.L. (2012). Moving beyond GK-12. CBE Life Sciences Education11, 239-247.  


Singer, S. R., Nielsen, N. R., and Schweingruber, H. A. (2012). Discipline based education research. Washington, DC: The National Academies. 

Chapter in an edited volume: 

Gordon, S. and Lavallee, D. (2001). Career transitions in competitive sport. In T. Morris & J. Summers (Eds.), Sport psychology: Theory, applications and issues (2nd ed., pp. 584-610). Brisbane, Australia: Wiley. 


Allison, N. (1981). Bacterial degradation of halogenated aliphatic acids (Doctoral dissertation). Trent Polytechnic, Nottingham, UK. 

Conference paper: 

Alfermann, D. and Gross, A. (1997, January). Coping with career termination: It all depends on freedom of choice. Paper presented at the 9th Annual World Congress on Sport Psychology, Netanya, Israel.  


United States Census Bureau. (2014).American housing survey: 2013 detailed tables.Retrieved fromhttp://www.census.gov/newsroom/press-releases/2014/cb14-tps78.html 

  • Figures and Tables: Tables and figures should not be included in the manuscript text, but included either as separate files (figures) or at the end of the document (tables) after the References Cited section. 

  • Figures should be uploaded as individual files in .jpg or .tif format. 

  • Captions for figures should be listed at the end of the document after the References Cited section.  

  • Tables should be included at the end of the document after the References Cited section.